Tuesday, 24 September 2013

NATO Sedia Hadapi Perang Konvensional Besaran


On the move: NATO needs both high-end forces and forces able to stabilise and reconstruc ( © SHAPE)



NATO sedang merancang mengadakan latihan perang konvensional skala besar di eropah bagi membuat persediaan untuk menghadapi perang konvensional. General bagi pakatan tersebut menafikan persiapan tersebut bukanlah bagi menghadapi kebimbangan ancaman pakatan Russia. Kemungkinan latihan tersebut turut disertai oleh pihak Turki yang turut terlibat dalam krisis di Syria.

Latihan perang yang dinamakan " Steadfast Jazz" itu akan diadakan di Latvia dan Poland pada 2 - 9 November dengan disertai seramai 6,000 pasukan dari 20 negara sekutu, mengikut sidang media NATO. Pakar analisa tentera mengatakan inilah latihan terbesar semenjak tahun 2006.

Pegawai pemerintah tentera NATO mengatakan pihak mereka perlu menggilapkan lagi kebolehan peperangan konvensional dan tahap persediaan bagi menghadapi ancaman taktikal yang lebih sukar. Jurucakap tersebut menambah lagi, ia adalah berkenaan menyingkirkan pasukan penceroboh dari wilayah negara anggota. Dalam sidang media NATO juga menyatakan bahawa latihan tersebut akan menguji NATO dari segi keupayaan ketangkasan tindak balas serangan udara, darat dan laut, begitu juga dengan Pasukan Gerak Khas. 

Walaupun dinafikan oleh pihak NATO latihan tersebut sebenarnya adalah bagi menghadapi pakatan Russia yang semakin menunjukkan ancamannya sejak berlakunya krisis Syria. Negara manakan lagi yang mampu menggugat NATO melainkan Russia. Ancaman Russia sentiasa menjadi perbincangan oleh pihak barat dengan membawa peristiwa perang singkat 2008 yang dipimpin oleh Federasi Russia dalam menyokong dua negara yang keluar dari Georgia. Selain dari Timur Tengah pihak barat yang diwakili NATO dan pihak Russia juga sedang berusaha mengembangkan pengaruh masing-masing di wilayah Eropah Timur.


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Brunssum, the Netherlands - NATO and partner nations will conduct Exercise Steadfast Jazz 2013 in Latvia and in Poland from 2 - 9 November 2013. The event will mark the culmination of a series of dynamic and demanding exercises designed to train and test troops and commanders from the NATO Response Force (NRF).
The Steadfast series of exercises are part of NATO's efforts to maintain connected and interoperable forces at a high-level of readiness. To date, 17 exercises have been held in the series, with elements hosted in 14 different countries. The goal is to make sure that NRF troops are ready to deal with any situation in any environment.
The event involves about 6,000 personnel from many Allied and partner nations. Around 3,000 headquarters personnel from Joint Force Command Brunssum and other headquarters will be involved in a command & control exercise on the Adazi Base near Riga, Latvia and at several other headquarters locations across the Alliance. In addition, multinational troops will participate in a live-fire exercise at Poland's Drawsko Pomorskie Training Area. Air, land, maritime, and special forces will also participate from several locations. At the conclusion of the exercise, the headquarters staff from Joint Force Command Brunssum will be officially certified to lead NATO joint operations in 2014.
"The purpose of the exercise is to train and test the NATO Response Force, a highly ready and technologically advanced multinational force made up of land, air, maritime and Special Forces components,” said General Hans-Lothar Domr√∂se, the Commander of Joint Force Command Brunssum. "The live element of Exercise Steadfast Jazz will test the interoperability of the soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines involved, while the fictional scenario will be equally challenging for those participating in the command and control aspects of the exercise,” he said.

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